The common and continual mischiefs of the spirit of party are sufficient to make it the interest and duty of a wise people to discourage and restrain it. It serves… to distract the public councils and enfeeble the public administration. It agitates the community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms, kindles the animosity of one part against another, foments occasionally riot and insurrection [and] opens the door to foreign influence and corruption….

— George Washington

A Quick Rebuttal

I wish to respond to this.

  1. Do you really consider Putin’s presidency—which so greatly improved incomes, security, and national self-confidence—disastrous?
  2. George W. Bush did not cause the rise in commodities prices, nor did Barack Obama’s election lead to their collapse.
  3. If anything, the economic crisis is improving the prospects of an opposition party in Russia, not deeper entrenching the ruling party.






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